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Full text of "Annual Reports for the Commissioner of State Aid and Pensions (1902-1911)"

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2. 

PUBLIC DOCUMENT .... .... No. 68. 



ANNUAL REPORT 



COMMISSIONEE 

or 

State Aid and Pensions. 



For the Year 1902. 




BOSTON : 

WRIGHT & POTTER PRINTING CO., STATE PRINTERS. 
18 Post Office Square. 

1903. 



'5LIC DOCUMEKT 



No. 68. 



ANNUAL REPORT 



jHaiSS.: COMMISSIONER 



State Aid and Pensions. 



For the Year 1902.-3?' 




BOSTON : 

WRIGHT & POTTER PRINTING CO., STATE PRINTERS, 
18 Post Office Square. 



STa:L ^ 



Approved by 
The State Board of Publication. 



CTb/v 
2> 



Conrmoittoeultlj a{ ||lassac^usetts. 



Office of Commissioner of State Aid and Pensions 
State House, Boston, Jan. 190;<. 

To the Honorable Senate and House of Representatives. 

I have the honor to present the annual report of the depart- 
ment of State Aid and Pensions, the part relating to State aid 
being for the year 1901 and that relating to pensions covering 
the year 1902. 

Very respectfully, 



CHARLES W. HASTINGS, 

Commissioner of State Aid and Pensions. 



REPORT. 



State Aid Department. 
Disbursements of State and military aid by the 353 cities and 
towns of the Commonwealth, under chapters 374 and 372, 
Acts of 1899, and for the burial of indigent soldiers, sailors and 
marines, their wives, w^idows and dependent mothers, were 
made as follows : — 



State aid to soldiers and dependents, civil war, 
State aid to soldiers and dependents, war with Spain 
Military aid to soldiers and sailors, civil war, . 
Military aid to soldiers and sailors, war with Spain, 
Burial expenses of indigent soldiers and dependents 



Total for 1901, 



$684,616 02 

4,142 00 

47,009 00 

5,092 81 

27,870 65 

$768,730 48 



These figures show an expenditure in 1901 over 1900 of 
$19,368.55, of which sum about $16,000 was caused by increase 
of disbursements to State aid cases, and little more than $3,000 
in consequence of increased number of burials. 

Recipients of State aid on account of the civil war are clas- 
sified as follows : — 



Pensioned soldiers and sailors, . 


6,989 


Increase of 141 


Wives of same, .... 


853 


Increase of 53 


Widows of same. 


6,340 


Increase of 199 


Dependent mothers, . 


287 


Decrease of 29 


Dependent fathers, 


9 


Decrease of 5 


Army nurses, .... 


12 


Increase of 4 




14,490 





Net increase of cases during 1901, 363. 

Average cost to State per person aided, per annum, slightly over |47. 



Recipients of State aid on account of the war with Spain arc 
classified as follows : — 



6 STATE AID AND PENSIONS. [Jan. 



Pensioned soldiers, 
Widows, 



16 

29 

20 
5 
32 



Dependent mothers, 
Dej^endent fathers, 



Children under fourteen 



Total, 



102 



A slight decrease in the number aided in 1900. 

Military aid was extended to 853 soldiers and sailors of the 
civil war, and to 87 of the war with Spain, at an expense to 
the State of $52,101.81, — a decrease of $320.67 from the 
previous year. It is probable that expenditures of military 
aid will gradually decrease, by reason of deaths and the receipt 
of pensions by the veterans. 

The services of Surgeon-General Robert A. Blood, who was 
in attendance two days of each week to examine applicants for 
military aid, were of great assistance to the commissioners in 
helping to determine the nature and extent of disabilities 
claimed and the amount of aid to be granted. 

The work of the department has steadily increased, as was 
natural in view of the increased number of applicants and the 
greater number of deaths, but no addition was made to the 
clerical force or to the number of agents. 

Four agents, three male and one female, have been con- 
stantly employed investigating the condition, needs, etc., of 
recipients of State and military aid, visiting cities and towns 
to correct errors in methods of disbursing aid, and instructing 
burial agents in their duties connected with the burial of soldiers 
and their dependents. 

Over 6,000 individual examinations and consultations were 
made by the agents along these lines. 

The law of April 21, chapter 356, Acts of 1898, charged 
the Commissioners of State Aid with the duty of investigating 
and deciding cases of appeal of applicants for soldiers' relief 
from the action of the municipal authorities, where they failed 
to furnish such relief. 

Much additional work was involved in consideration of these 
appeals, getting at the bottom of the trouble and making 



1903.] PUBLIC DOC'OIEXT — No. 68. 7 

equitable decisions. It may be said, however, that the deci- 
sions of the Board, after dae consideration of the merits of 
each case, have been generally satisfactory to all concerned. 

Burial Expenses of Indigent Soidiers and their Wives, Widoirs 

and Mothers. 

The expense to the State in 1901 for the burial of 631 
soldiers, 123 widows, 36 wives and 9 mothers, making a total 
of 799 persons, was $27,870.65, — an increase of 106 cases 
and $3,738.30 in expense over 1900. Average expense per 
burial, $34.88. 

By the provisions of chapter 292, Acts of 1902, soldiers, 
sailors and marines of the war with Spain, and their wives, 
widows and dependent mothers, were made eligible to receive 
the benefits of the burial law the same as veterans of the civil 
war. A statement of the number and expense of such cases 
will be found in the annual report for 1902. 

Total Payments of State Aid. 

The total payments by the Commonwealth for State and 
military aid and barial of indigent soldiers and sailors, 
including appropriations made by the General Court to- 
ward maintenance of the Soldiers' Home in Massaehnsetts 
from Ie6l to the close of 1901 f 27^24,316 67 

State and military aid and burial of soldiers and sailors on 
account of 19*1. 768,730 -tS 

Special laws. . 11,828 00 

Soldiers' Home, 35,000 00 

Total to Jan. 1. 1903, . |2S.:M7,d75 15 

Pkn'sion Depaitoient. 
The legislative act, chapter 192 of the Acts of 1902, abol- 
ished the Board of Commissioners of State Aid and the office 
of State Pension Agent, and directed the appointment by the 
Governor and Council of a commissioner and deputy commis- 
sioner of State Aid and Pensions, the commissioner to have 
the powers and duties heretofore conferred and imposed r. 
the Board of Commissioner- «>t* ""^t it^^ A* 1 m l th»^ '^tit.^ ■ 
sion Agent. 



8 



STATE AID AND PENSIONS. 



[Jan. 



The Governor having appointed Charles W. Hastings com- 
missioner, and Joseph B. Parsons deputy commissioner, the 
appointees at once qualified and entered upon their duties 
under the new law on July 1, 1902, Colonel Parsons continu- 
ing in charge, as formerly, of the pension and claim business 
of the department. 

A personal interview with the United States Commissioner 
of Pensions by Deputy Commissioner Parsons, and the filing 
of certificates of appointment, etc., at once placed the oflace in 
line of recognition, and the commissioner takes pleasure in 
acknowledging the courtesies extended to Colonel Parsons, and 
through him to the Commonwealth, by the officials of the Pen- 
sion Bureau at Washington. 

The merging of the pension agency with the department of 
State aid, making one homogeneous department devoted to the 
interests of veteran soldiers, sailors and their dependents, was 
an eminently practical measure, tending to facilitate and econo- 
mize the work of adjusting pension and other claims against the 
federal government. 

With the exception of one clerk in the pension agency, who 
was retired when the offices were united, the clerical force of 
the department remains unchanged. 

In readjusting the clerical service, more work and greater 
responsibility were placed upon one or two of the clerks, and I 
respectfully recommend that the annual salary of the female 
clerk responsible for the auditing of the returns of payments 
by cities and towns be raised from $840 to $1,000. 

Attention is directed to the advisability of amending chapter 
35, Revised Laws, so that the claims for pensions, back pay, 
etc., of soldiers and dependents, filed in this office, shall not 
be considered public documents to which any citizen is entitled 
to have access. 

The claimants for pensions through the State pension agency 
have a right to expect that their interests shall, at least, be as 
safely guarded as they would be in the hands of a private 
claim agent. The names and addresses of applicants for pen- 
sions, together with the declarations, certificates and affidavits 
accompanying them, are for the information of the commis- 
sioner to use in. the discharge of his duty in expediting claims 



1908.] 



PUBLIC DOCUMENT— No. r,S. 



9 



against the United States government, and, being in tlie nature 
of confidential communications, should be open to the inspec- 
tion of the general public only upon consent of the claimant 
and the commissioner. 

Business transacted in 1902. 



Total number of claims received, 1,577 

Number of claims allowed, 725 

Number of claims rejected, 425 

Amount collected, $75,157 24 

Pension vouchers executed, 16,457 



Respectfully submitted, 



CHAELES W. HASTINGS, 

Commissioner of State Aid and Pensions. 



PUBLIC DOCUMENT 



No. 68. 



ANNUAL REPORT 



COMMISSIONER 



State Aid and Pensions. 



For the Teab 1903. 




BOSTON : 

WRIGHT & POTTER PRINTING CO., STATE PRINTERS, 
IH Post Office Square. 
1904. 



PUBLIC DOCUMENT 



No. 68. 



ANNUAL REPORT 

OP THE 

}\A'iS.\ COMMISSIONER 

■=a- 

OF 

State Aid and Pensions. 



For the Year 1903. 




BOSTON : 

WRIGUT & POTTER PRINTING CO., STATE PRINTERS, 
18 Post Office Square. 
1904. 



eitUBMRYOFMftSSACHOSEp 
JUN 12 1939 



Approted by 
The State Board of Publication. 



1903 
3 



Office of Commissioner of State Aid and Pensions, 
State House, Boston, Jan. 14, 1904. 

To the Honorable Senate and House of Representatives. 

I present herewith to your honorable bodies the annual 
report of the department of State Aid and Pensions, the 
part relating to State aid being for the year 1902 and^that 
relating to pensions covering the year 1903. 

Very respectfully, 



CHARLES W. HASTINGS, 

Commissioner. 



REPORT. 



State and Military Aid. 
Disbursements of State and military aid and for the burial 
of indigent soldiers, sailors and marines, their wives, widows 
and dependent fathers and mothers, were made by 349 cities 
and towns in the Commonwealth during the year 1902, as 
follows : — 



State aid to soldiers and dependents, civil war, . 
State aid to soldiers and dependents, war with Spain, 
Military aid to soldiers and sailors, civil war. 
Military aid to soldiers and sailors, war with Spain, 
Burial expenses of indigent soldiers and dependents, 



1701,947 04 
4,228 50 

45,457 98 
5,371 28 

27,066 02 



Total for 1902, 



$784,070 82 



These figures show an expenditure in 1902 over 1901 of 
$15,340.34, which was caused by an increase of disburse- 
ments in State aid cases. The expenses under military aid 
and burial of soldiers decreased, a little rising $2,000. 

Recipients of State aid on account of the civil war are 
classified as follows : — 



Pensioned soldiers and sailors, 
Wives of same, . 
Widows of same. 
Dependent mothers, . 
Dependent fathers, . 
Army nurses, . 



7,015 Increase of 26 

867 Increase of 14 

6,536 Increase of 196 

251 Decrease of 36 

7 Decrease of 2 

9 Decrease of 3 



Net increase of cases during 1902, 195. 

Average cost to State per person aided, per annum, about |48. 



Recipients of State aid on a< ( oinit of tlio way witli S]):iin 
are classified as follows : — 



6 STATE AID AND PENSIONS. [Jan. 

Pensioned soldiers, 20 

Widows, 28 

Wives, 1 

Dependent mothers, 21 

Dependent fathers, 5 

Children under fourteen, 28 



An increase of 1 over 1901. 

Military aid was extended to 825 soldiers and sailors of 
the civil war and to 84 of the war with Spain, at an expense 
to the State of $50,829.26, — a decrease of $1,272.55 from 
the previous year. Expenditures for military aid on account 
of the civil war will gradually decrease, but slowly ; for 
although numbers die each year, the living, by reason of 
advanced age and increased disabilities, require a larger 
outlay for support. 

In connection with the execution of this law, the commis- 
sioner desires to acknowledge the services rendered the 
department b}^ Surg.-Gen. Robert A. Blood, whose semi- 
weekly examinations of military aid cases greatly facilitate 
the work of the oflSce in determining the amount of aid, 
based on actual disabilities. 

Burial Expenses of Indigent Soldiers and their Wives, 
Widows, Mothers, and Army JVurses, 
Under the provisions of chapter 79 of the Eevised Laws, 
as amended by chapter 292, Acts of 1902, there were buried 
779 persons, classified as follows : — 



Civil war : — 

Soldiers, 601 

Widows, 108 

Wives, 41 

Mothers, 16 

War with Spain : — 

Soldiers . .13 

Total, 779 



Expense to the State, $27,066.02, — a decrease of $804.63 from 1901. 

By the provisions of chapter 250 of the Acts of 1902, 
the provisions of sections 20 and 21 of chapter 79 of the 



1904.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 68. 



7 



Revised Laws, relative to the burial of indigent soldiers, 
were extended to include such army nurses as are entitled 
to State aid binder existing laws. 

The consolidation of the State pension agency with the 
department of State aid (see chapter 192, Acts of 1902) 
took eftect on the first day of July, 1902. The union of 
the two offices has increased the efficiency and convenience 
of both, at reduced expense to the State. 

The force of agents and clerks in the State aid office 
remains the same as in 1901, except that Maj. Francis A. 
Bicknell, who had served as agent since 1894, was appointed 
chief clerk, at an annual salary of $1,500. 

Dr. Henry Shaw, special agent for the investigation of 
cases involving questions of settlement, has hitherto been 
subject to call, and salaried at $25 per month. In view of 
his valuable service as an expert on settlement law, coupled 
with his abilit}' to diagnose the disabilities of applicants for 
aid, I recommend that Dr. ShaAv be employed as a regular 
agent, with his time wholly at the disposal of the State, at 
a salary of $600 a year. 

The provisions of chapter 79 of the Revised Laws, for the 
payment of State and military aid, will expire with the year 
1904. It will, therefore, be necessary for the present Leg- 
islatiu'e to take action upon the matter, if authority to con- 
tinue this patriotic and beneficent aid is to exist after that 
time. 

In view of the infirmities incident to advanced age, and 
slender resources of the great majority of persons receiving- 
aid, and as it has ever been the practice of the Common- 
wealth to deal not only justly, but generously, with its old 
soldiers and sailors and their dependents, it can hardly be 
questioned that the Legislature will make provision to con- 
tinue the present law, or have framed a new act, embodying 
all recent amendments and such changes as may be deemed 
advisable. 

The question of amending the law relating to soldiers' 
relief by cities and towns came before the Legislature of 
1903 through a bill (House, No. 1481) which provided that 
all disbursements of such relief should be reimbursed iVom 



8 



STATE AID AND PENSIONS. 



[Jan. 



the treasury of the Commonwealth. The bill passed the 
House, but failed in the Senate. 

As the provisions of the bill involved a radical departure 
from all previous legislation relating to State and military 
aid, and entailed a very large expense to the State, esti- 
mated at three-quarters of a million dollars annually, and 
as the details and effects of the proposed law were never 
thoroughly considered by any committee of the General 
Court, it seems advisable at this time to set forth some of 
the peculiar features of the bill, and the results if enacted 
into law. 

The soldiers' relief law, sections 18 and 19, chapter 79, 
Revised Laws, provides for assistance, when necessary, to 
certain persons, wholly at the expense of the city or town 
in which the person has a legal settlement. Recipients of 
this relief are classified as follows : — 

1. Soldiers and sailors of other States, having moved 
into this State and gained legal settlements by residence 
and taxes ; and their wives, widows, dependent fathers and 
mothers, and children under the age of sixteen years. 

2. Certain soldiers and sailors belonging to Massachusetts 
by credit and quota, and their dependents, as classed above, 
in cases where only the soldier or sailor alone is eligible to 
receive the limit of State aid, and where the pension and aid 
are insufficient to meet the wants of the whole family espe- 
cially if there are several young children. 

3. Wives, widows and dependent fathers and mothers 
now receiving the limit of State aid ($4 a month), and 
where age and necessities require more relief. 

In reference to the first class, i.e.^ soldiers who served on 
the quota of other States, and have moved into Massachu- 
setts and acquired settlements, it is difficult to see on what 
grounds of ecjuity or fairness the State at large should be 
taxed to support this class of persons, and thus relieve the 
municipality of expense that legally and justly belongs to it. 

More particularly is shown the extremely unjust discrimi- 
nation of the proposed law in this respect, when we consider 
the fact that in all cases where jNIassachusetts soldiers and 
sailors draw military aid, based on legal settlements, one- 



1904.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 68. 



9 



half only of the aid given is chai'ged to the Commonwealth ; 
that is, the State shares equally with the municipality in 
the expense of assistance. Thus it appears that a soldier 
credited to another State, by moving into Massachusetts, 
gaining a settlement, and applying for soldiers' relief, would 
be provided for wholly at the expense of the State, and at 
double the cost of one of our own soldiers. 

Such a law would be a standing invitation to soldiers and 
sailors of other States to move into Massachusetts, and secure 
.sui)port and consideration that our own soldiers have never 
been eligible to receive under any law since the close of the 
war of the rebellion. 

Under such a law it would be quite possible for cities and 
towns to completely nullify the military aid law, and be re- 
lieved of all expense by simplj^ calling the aid fiu^nished 
soldiers' relief, and charge the whole amount to the Com- 
monwealth. 

Another notable and fatal defect in the proposed law is 
the lack of provision for the thorough supervision and con- 
trol by the State aid department of disbursements, and the 
loose, unsafe method of certifying the expense to the Treas- 
urer of the Commonwealth. Comparing, in these respects, 
the proposed amendment with the requirements of regular 
State and military aid laws embodied in chapter 79, Revised 
Laws, the wide divergence from safe and long-established 
custom will be (juickly seen. On the whole, it would seem 
to be impossible to formulate a more inconsistent and inde- 
fensible proposition and enact it into law. 

Pension Department. 

Dei)uty Commissioner Col. J. B. Parsons furnishes the 
following statements relating to the business of the otiice 
under his immediate charge : — 

The only pension legislation enacted by Congress during 
the last year was the increasing of pensions of survivors of 
the Mexican war to $12 per month; the mising of pensions 
for total deafness, due to causes originating in the service, 
to $40 per month ; and the increasing ot pensions for loss 
of a leg or an arm, as follows : — 



10 



STATE AID AXD PENSIONS. 



[Jan. 



For the loss of one hand or one foot, or total disability 
in the same, to $40 per month. 

For the loss of an arm at or above the elbow, or a leg at 
or above the knee, to $46 per month. 

For the loss of an arm at the shoulder, or a leg at the 
hip joint, or where the same is in such condition as to pre- 
vent the use of an artificial limb, to $55 per month. 

For the loss of one hand and one foot, or total disability 
by reason of the same, $60 per month. 

For the loss of both feet, $100 per month. 

This act applies only to those who are already in receipt 
of a pension, or who shall hereafter be pensioned for the 
loss of an arm or a leg, or total disability therefrom, the 
same having been incurred during services and in the line 
of duty. No applications need be made for the increases, 
as the pension agents were directed to ijsly the additional 
amounts to those entitled who were on the rolls, without 
applications. 

One visit to \\'ashington was made during the year, for 
the purpose of personally investigating some complicated 
cases, and to keep in touch with the Pension Bureau and 
the different departments of the Arm}^ and Navy with which 
Ave have more or less correspondence. In all departments 
the most courteous treatment was received, and our rela- 
tions with the different Bureaus is all that could be desired. 
I wish particularly to thank the oflScials of the Pension 
Bureau and the auditors of the War and Navy departments 
for the respectful and courteous manner in which our calls 
upon them are attended to. 

I desire to call attention to the efficient and responsible 
work pertbrmed by Miss Louisa C. Evans, who, since the 
consolidation of the departments of State aid and pensions, 
has been doing the work in this office heretofore performed 
by a male clerk who received SI, 800 a year. In view of the 
additional duties and responsibility attaching to the position 
of first clerk, and the valuable sen ice which, by long train- 
ing and experience, she is able to render the State, I respect- 
fully recommend that the salary of Miss Evans be raised 
from $1,000 to $1,200 a year. 



1904.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 68. 



11 



Busines! 
1903: — 



transacted during 



the year endinof Dt 



31, 



Total number of claims filed, 1,462, classified as follows 
Soldiers (original), 
Increases, . 
Widows (original), 
Widows (accrued). 
Reimbursement, 
Pay and bounty. 
Wives (one-half pension), 
Mothers, 
Fathers, 
Sisters, 

Child over sixteen. 
Guardians, . 
Restoration, 
New certificates. 
Transfers, . 
Correction of name, 
Certificate of discharge, 
Re-muster, 

Removal charge desertion, 
Wife to draw without guardianship. 
Old claims, 



Total, .... 

Number of claims allowed. 
Number of claims rejected. 
Amount collected. 



Several thousand pension vouchers wt ie executed diu'ing 
the year. 

Respectfully submitted, 

J. B. Parsons, 

Deputy Commissioner. 



I concur fully with Colonel Pursons's reoonmiendation to 
increase the salary of Miss Evans to $1,200 a year. Her 
long and faithful service in the pension agency, with her 
pronounced ability in the prosecution of pension and other 
claims against the United States, fairly entitle her to the 
favoi-able consideration State. 



CHAKLKS W. UASTIN(;S, 

Commissioner of State Aid and Pensions, 



PUBLIC DOCUMENT .... ... No. 68. 



ANNUAL REPORT 

OF THE 

COMMISSIONER 

OF 

State Aid AxND PeiNSIONS. 



For the Year 1904. 



BOSTON : 

WRIGHT & POTTER PRINTING CO., STATE PRINTERS, 
18 Post Office Square. 
1905. 



•■'7 ' r-.Y::;*-^': 



PUBLIC DOCUMENT 



Xo. 68. 



ANNUAL REPORT 

OF THE 

COMMISSIONER 

OF 

State Aid and Pensions. 



For the Year 1904. 




BOSTON : 

WRIGHT & POTTER PRINTI\(; CO., STATE PRINTERS, 
18 Post Office Square. 
1905. 



PUBLIC DOCUMENT .... .... No. 08. 



ANNUAL REPOKT 

OF THE 

COMMISSIONER 

OF 

State Aid and Pensions. 



For the Yeak 1904. 




BOSTON : 

WRIGHT & POTTER PRINTING CO., STATE PRINTERS, 
18 Post Office Squakk. 
1905. 



Approvbd by 

The State Board of Publication. 



OrricE OF Commissioner of State Aid and Pensions, 
State House, Boston, Jan. 24, 1905. 

To the Honorable Senate and House of Representatives. 

The annual report of the department of State aid and pen- 
sions is herewith presented to your honorable bodies, tlie 
part relating to State aid and burials being for the year 
1903, and that relating to pensions covering the year 11M)4. 

Very respectfully, 

CHARLES AV. HASTIN(iS, 

Commissioner. 



REPORT. 



State and Military Aid. 
Disbursements of State and military aid and for the burial 
of indigent soldiers, sailors and marines, their wives, widows 
and dependent fathers and mothers, were made by 348 cities 
and towns in the Commonwealth during the year 1903, as 
follows : — 

State aid to soldiers and dependents, civil war, . . . f 723,849 63 
State aid to soldiers and dependents, war witii Spain, . . 4,374 50 
Military aid to soldiers and sailors, civil war, . . . 43,180 68 
Military aid to soldiers and sailors, war with Spain, . 6,200 59 

Burial expenses of indigent soldiers and dependents, . . 25,061 63 

Total for 1903, f802,667 03 

The increase of expenditures in 1903 over 1902, amount- 
ing to $18,596.21, was almost wholly owing to increased 
disbursements of State aid, occasioned by the increased dis- 
abilities of the veterans, incident to advancing years and 
their inability to perform manual labor, thus requiring a 
larger outlay. 

There was a decrease of about $3,000 in military aid and 
the burial of soldiers of both the civil war and the war with 
Spain. 

Recipients of State aid on account of the civil war are 
classified as follows : — 



Pensioned soldiers and sailors, 


. 7,098 


Increase of 83 


Wives of same, . ' . 


901 


Increase of 34 


AVidows of same, .... 


. 6,761 


Increase of 225 


Dependent mothers, .... 


217 


Decrease of 34 


Dependent fathers, .... 


5 


Decrease of 2 


Army nurses, 


12 


Increase of 3 


Total, ..... 


. 14,994 





Net increase of cases during 1903, 309. 

Average cost to State per person aided, per annum, about f48. 



6 



STATE AID AND PENSIONS. 



[Jan. 



Recipients of State aid on account of the war with Spain 
are classified as follows : — 



An increase of 2 cases over 1902. 

Militar}^ aid was extended to 748 soldiers and sailors of 
the civil war and to 101 of the war with Spain, at an expense 
to the State of $49,381.27, — a decrease of $1,447.99 from 
1902. Expenditures under the military aid law will decrease 
from year to year, as numbers die, and many will be granted 
l)ensions, making them eligible to receive State aid. 

In connection with the execution of this law, the commis- 
sioner takes pleasure in acknowledging the services rendered 
the department by Surg. -Gen. Otis H. Marion, whose ex- 
amination of applicants for military aid have been thorough, 
and of much value to the commissioner in determining the 
amount of aid required by the soldiers. 

Burial Expenses of Indigent 8oldiers, Sailors and Marines^ 
their Wives, Widoivs and Mothers^ and Army JVurses. 
Under the provisions of chapter 79 of the Revised Laws, 

as amended by chapter 292, Acts of 1902, there were buried 

717 persons, classified as follows : — 

Civil war : — 

Soldiers 497 

Widows 139 

Wives 80 

Mothers, 21 

War with Spain : — 

Soldiers, 30 

Total. 717 



Pensioned soldiers and sailors, 
Widows, .... 

Waives, 

Widowed mothers, 
Dependent fathers, 
Children, .... 



25 

27 
1 

23 
5 

24 



Expense to the State, $2.5,061.63,— a decrease of $2,004.39 from 1902. 



1905.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 68. 



7 



Total Payments of State Aid. 

The total payments by the Commonwealth for State and 
military aid and burial of indigent soldiers and sailors, 
including appropriations made by the General Court 
toward maintenance of the Soldiers' Home in Massa- 
chusetts, from 1861 to the close of 1903, were . . $29,183,793 97 

State and military aid and burial of soldiers and sailors 
on account of 1903, paid in 1904, 802,667 03 

Special laws, §1,828 00 

Soldiers' Home, 30,000 00 

31,828 00 

Total to Jan. 1, 1905, $30,018,289 00 

Pension Department. 
The following statements and figures relating to the busi- 
ness of the office under his immediate charo^e were furnished 
by Col. J. B. Parsons, deputy commissioner : — 

The amendment to the act of June 27, 1890, which went into 
effect April 13, 1904, made nearly double the amount of business 
done in this department during the last year, over previous years. 
Under former administrations, a claimant was allowed the full 
rating of pension of $12 per month when he reached his seventy- 
fifth birthday, without examination ; and the amendment to the 
act, which took effect last April, known as Order 78, simply put a 
more lenient construction on the act, granting a pension of $6 per 
month to an applicant when he reached the age of sixty-two years, 
$8 per month at sixty-five, SIO per month at sixty-eight, and $12 
per month at seventy. It is necessary, under this ruling, that all 
the requirements of the act of June 27, 1890, be complied with, 
and the full and correct date of birth of the applicant must be 
established to the satisfaction of the Pension Bureau. 

To the clerks in my department great credit is due for the way • 
the extra work has been handled, and I desire to thank the com- 
missioner for the help which he has furnished us and the assistance 
given us by his department. 

To my second clerk, Miss Eva B. Holbrook, for her long and 
faithful service in the ofl9ce, something more substantial than my 
appreciation for her service is due ; and I recommend that her 
salary be increased from $840 to $1,000 a year. 

The following is a detailed statement of the business of this 
office for the year ending Dec. 31 , 1904 : — 



8 



STATO AID AND PENSIONS. [eTan. 1905. 



2,718 claims were filed, classified as follows : — 



Soldiers (original), 960 

Increases, 1,075 

Widows (original), . . . . . . . 249 

Widows (accrued), 158 

Reimbursement, 78 

Pay and bounty, 38 

Wives (one-half pension), 7 

Mothers, 9 

Fathers 2 

Guardians, 15 

Restoration, 18 

New pension certificates, . 30 

Transfers, 11 

Certificates of discharge, 8 

Wife to draw without guardianship, .... 1 

Unendorsed pension checks, 6 

Old claims, 63 



2,718 

Number of claims allowed, 1,912 

Number of claims rejected, 323 

Amount collected, $68,699 09 



Several thousand pension vouchers were executed during the 
year, at a trifling extra expense to the State and at no expense to 
the pensioners. 

The recommendation of Colonel Parsons to increase the 
salary of Miss Eva B. Holbrook from $840 to $1,000 a year 
is approved. Miss Holbrook has rendered years of efficient 
and faithful service to the State, and her mastery of the 
details of pension and other claims make her a most valu- 
able assistant in the office. 



CHARLES W. HASTINGS, 

Commissioner of Stale Aid and Pensions. 



PUBLIC DOCUMENT 



No. 68. 



ANNUAL REPORT 



COMIVIISSIONER 



STATE AID AND PENSIONS. 



FoK THE Year 1905 




BOSTON : 

WRIGHT & POTTER PRINTING CO., STATi: PRINTERS, 
18 Post Office Square. 
1906. 



Approved by 
The State Board of Publication. 



2. 



Commonhjtaltb of P^assat^usitts. 



Office of Commissioner of State Aid and Pensions, 
State House, Boston, Jan. 23, 1906. 

To the Honorable Senate and House of Representatives. 

The annual report of the department of State aid and 
})ensions is herewith presented to your honorable bodies, the 
})art relating to State aid and burials being for the year 1904, 
and that relating to pensions covering the year 1905. 

Very respectfully, 



CHARLES W. HASTINGS, 

Commissioner. 



REPORT. 



State and Military Aid and Burial Expenses. 
The expenditures on account of State and military aid and 
the burial of indigent soldiers and sailors, their wives, 
widows and dependent fathers and mothers, for the year 
1904, were as follows : — 

State aid to soldiers and dependents, civil war, . . . J747,672 68 
State aid to soldiers and dependents, war with Spain, . 4,809 00 
Military aid to soldiers and sailors, civil war, . . . 37,913 31 
Military aid to soldiers and sailors, war with Spain, . . 7,068 28 
Expense for burial of indigent soldiers and dependents, . 27,681 00 

Total for 1904, 1825,144 27 

The increased expenditure in 1904 over 1903, amounting 
to $22,377.24, was caused by the number of new applicants 
for State aid, and the necessity of increased assistance to 
those who by age or infirmities were unable to support 
themselves. 

Recipients of State aid on account of the civil war are 
classified as follows : — 



Pensioned soldiers and sailors. 
Wives of same, . 
Widows of same, . 
Dependent mothers. 
Dependent fathers, 
Army nurses. 

Net increase during 1904, 248. 
Average cost to State, $49.05. 



7,238 Increase 140 

910 Increase 9 

6,893 Increase 132 

188 Decrease 29 

2 Decrease 3 

1 1 Decrease 1 



6 



STATE AID AND PENSIONS. 



[Jan. 



Recipients of State aid on account of the war with Spain 
are classified as follows : — 



An increase of 22 cases over 1903. 

Disbursements of military aid were made to 791 soldiers 
and sailors during the year, — a decrease of 58 from 1903. 
Of the number aided, 674 were veterans of the civil war and 
117 served in the war with Spain. The State's half of the 
expense was $44,981.59, — a decrease of $4,399.68. 

The military aid will steadily decrease, as the men are re- 
moved by death, or become pensioners under the more lib- 
eral policy of the general government in granting the soldier 
a pension of $6 per month when he arrives at the age of 
sixty-two, and increasing $2 every three years thereafter 
until the age of seventy is reached, when the pension is 
granted at $12 per month, — the limit of law under the act 
of June 27, 1890. 

The agents, Mr. Edwin C. Stone, Dr. Henry Shaw and 
Miss Lena G. Bailey, besides attending to persons call- 
ing at the office, visited 100 cities and towns, and their ex- 
aminations covered nearly 6,000 cases. 

Burial Expenses of Indigent Soldiers, Sailors and Marines, 
their Wives, Widows and Mothers, and Army JVurses. 
Under the provisions of chapter 381, Acts of 1904, which 
embodied former laws providing for the burial of soldiers of 
the war with Spain, their wives, widows and dependent 
mothers, there were buried 792 persons, classified as fol- 
lows : — 

Civil war: — 

Soldiers, 568 

Widows, 144 

Wives 30 

Mothers, 11 



Pensioned soldiers and sailors, 
Widows, .... 

Wives, 

Widowed mothers, 
Dependent fathers, 
Children, .... 



31 
32 

3 
28 

5 
28 



Total 



127 



1906.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 68. 



7 



War with Spain : — 

Soldiers, 35 

Wives, 2 

Mothers, 2 

Total 792 



An increase of 75 cases and an increase of expenditure of f 2,619. 37 
over 1903. 

lotal Payments of State Aid. 

The total payments by the Commonwealth for State and 
military aid and burial of indigent soldiers and sailors, 
including appropriations made by the General Court 
toward maintenance of the Soldiers' Home in Massa- 
chusetts, from 1861 to the close of 1904, were . . f 30,018,289 00 

State and military aid and burial of soldiers and sailors 
on account of 1901, paid in 1905, 825,144 27 

Special laws, $1,828 00 

Soldiers' Home, 50,000 00 

51,828 00 

Total to Jan. 1, 1906, 130,896,261 27 

Pension Department. 
Col. J. B. Parsons, deputy commissioner, furnishes the 
followinor statements relatino: to the workino^ of his office for 
the year 1905 : — 

There has been no new legislation enacted relative to pensions 
during the past year. The amendment to the act of June 27, 
1890, known as ''Order 78," which went into effect April 13, 
1904, was very satisfactory to the veterans of the civil war, as 
well as popular, and many soldiers who never have and never 
would apply for a pension took advantage of this ruling, which 
gives a pension of $6 a month to an applicant who shall have 
reached the age of sixty-two years, $8 a month at sixty-five years, 
$10 a month at sixty-eight years, and $12 per month, the full 
amount of pension under this act, when he shall have reached the 
age of seventy years. The above order has given this office a 
large amount of work, and to the clerks in the ollice great credit 
is due for the accomplishment of the same. 

I visited Washington once during the year, for the purpose of 
personally investigating and adjusting some complicated cases at 
the United States Pension Bureau. The result was favorable. 

I take this occasion to thank the officials in the various depart- 
ments at Washington who handle our claims for the courtesy and 



8 



STATE AID AND PENSIONS. 



[Jan. 



promptness with which the business is accomplished, and especially 
to the first deputy commissioner, the Hon. J. L. Davenport, who 
allows me to send all calls direct to his desk, and attends to the 
matter personally, with great courtesy and promptness. 

Since the ofBce of registrar of births, marriages and deaths was 
assumed by Mr. Edward W. McGlenen of Boston, the son of a 
veteran of the Mexican war, there has been no charge to the 
widows for certificates of death of the husband or birth of the 
children, which is a great saving to them, and is thoroughly appre- 
ciated. He has my sincere thanks. 

The following is a detailed statement of the business of this 
department for the year ending Dec. 31, 1905 : — 

1,973 (Jlaims filed, classified as follows : — 

Soldiers (original), 448 

Increase, 901 

Widows, 327 

Widows (accrued), ... 32 

Reimbursement, . 57 

Restoration, 17 

Mothers, 5 

Fathers, 2 

Guardians, 12 

New pension certificates, 45 

Transfers, 21 

Arrears pay and bounty, 12 

Certificates in lieu of discharge, 4 

Minors, 1 

Wives (one-half pension), 9 

Unendorsed pension check, 8 

Helpless child, 1 

Prize money, 1 

Old claims, 70 



Total, 



1,973 



Number of claims allowed, 
Number of claims rejected, 



1,473 
304 



Amount collected 



$45,480 25 



J. B. Parsons; 
Deputy Commissioner State Aid and Pensions. 



1906.] PUBLIC DOCUIVIENT — No. 08. 



9 



Changes in the Department. 
The law relating to payment of State and military aid, the 
burial of soldiers, etc., was continued, with a few amend- 
ments, by the enactment of chapter 381, to take eflfect July 
1, 1904. 

The new law provided for an increase of salary for the 
first clerk in the pension claim oflSce, and Miss Louisa C. 
Evans commenced to receive $1,200 a year July 1, 1904. 

Miss Lida B. Graham, stenographer and typewriter in the 
State aid office, at $1,000 a year salary, resigned, to take 
effect July 1, 1904. Miss Josephine P. Fuller was ap- 
pointed to the vacancy. By the retirement of Miss Graham 
the State lost the services of a most faithful and efficient 
clerk, one exceptionally well equipped for all the varied 
duties required of her. In severing her connection with the 
office, after ten years' acceptable service, she took with her 
the esteem and hearty good wishes of all her associates in 
the department. 

Dr. Henry Shaw, special agent for the investigation of 
soldiers' relief aid and settlement cases, was, by the same 
law, given a salary of $600 a year, and the State is a gainer 
by retaining his services at that very moderate pay. 

Respectfully submitted, 

CHARLES W. HASTINGS, 

Commissioner. 



PUBLIC DOCUMENT .... .... No. 68. 



ANNUAL REPOKT 

OF THI 

COMMISSIO]!^ER 

OP 

State Aid and Pensions. 



For the Tear 1906. 




BOSTON : 

WRIGHT & POTTER PRINTING CO., STATE PRE^TERS, 
18 Post Office Square. 
1907. 



PUBLIC DOCUMENT 



Xo. 68. 



ANNUAL KEPORT 



COMMISSIO^^ER 



State Aid and Pensions. 



For the Year 1906 




BOSTON : 

WRIGHT & POTTER PRINTING CO., STATE PRINTERS, 
18 Post Office Square. 
1907. 



REPORT. 



State and Military Aid and Burial Expenses. 
The expenditures on account of State and military aid and 
the burial of indigent soldiers and sailors, their wives, widows, 
dependent mothers, and army nurses, for the year 1905, were 
as follows : — 



State aid to soldiers and dependents, civil war, . . $767,243 50 

State aid to soldiers and dependents, war with Spain, 5,767 00 

Military aid to soldiers and sailors, civil war, .... 33,840 41 

Military aid to soldiers and sailors, war with Spain, . . 5,336 73 

Expense for burial of indigent soldiers and dependents, . 29,176 00 



Total for 1905, f 84 1,363 64 



The increased expenditure in 1905 over 1904, amounting to 
about $16,000, was caused by the number of new applicants 
for State aid, and the necessity of increasing aid to the full 
limit authorized by law, to those who, by reason of age and 
infirmities, became unable to provide any part of their main- 
tenance. 

Recipients of State aid on account of the civil war are classi- 
fied as follows : — 



Pensioned soldiers and sailors, 7,346 

Wives of same, 903 

Widows of same, 7,024 

Dependent mothers, 158 

Dependent fathers, 3 

Army nurses, 7 



Total number recipients, 15,441 

Net increase during 1905, 199. 



Recipients of State aid on account of the war with Spain are 
classified as follows : — 



6 



STATE AID AND PENSIONS. 



[Jan. 



Pensioned soldiers and sailors, . 

Wives of same, .... 

Widows of same, 

Dependent mothers, . 

Dependent fathers, 

Children, 

Total number recipients, 
An increase of 15 cases over 1904. 



44 

3 
31 
32 

6 
26 



142 



Military Aid. 

Disbursements of military aid were made to 671 soldiers 
and sailors during the year, — a decrease of 137 from the pre- 
vious year. 

Of the number aided, 570 were civil war veterans, and 101 
served in the war with Spain. The State's half of the expense 
for military aid was $39,177.14, — a decrease of $5,804.45 
from 1904. 

In connection with the execution of this law, the commis- 
sioner desires to acknowledge the services rendered the depart- 
ment by Surg. -Gen. William H. Devine, whose semi-weekly 
examinations of applicants for military aid, admissions to the 
Soldiers' Home, etc., have greatly facilitated the work of the 
office in determining the amount of aid to be allowed. It will 
be noticed that the disbursements of military aid are steadily 
decreasing as the years go by. Soon, it is believed, the amount 
will be reduced to a comparatively small sum, represented by 
a few men who are not entitled to pensions, and a few whose 
pensions and State aid are insufficient to meet extreme neces- 
sities and poverty. 

The agents, Mr. Edwin C. Stone, Dr. Henry Shaw and Miss 
Lena G. Bay ley, have rendered efficient service in examining 
recipients of aid through the State, visiting 112 cities and 
towns and interviewing 6,500 persons. It is the intention to 
have each city and town in the Commonwealth visited once in 
two 3^ears at least. 

Burial Expenses of Indigent Soldiers, Sailors and Marines, 
their Wives, Widows and Mothers, and Army Nurses. 
Under the provisions of chapter 381, Acts of 1904, there 

were buried, during the year 1905, 835 persons, at an expense 

of $29,176, classified as follows : — 



1907.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. r,8. 7 

Civil war : — 

Soldiers, 590 

Widows, 160 

Wives, 40 

Mothers, 12 

Spanish war: — 802 

Soldiers, 32 

Mothers, 1 

33 

Total, 835 



An increase of 43 cases, and an increase of expenditure of 
$1,495 over 1904. 

The object of this law is to provide for the burial of all 
honorably discharged soldiers, sailors and marines, and certain 
named dependents who die without sufficient means to defray 
funeral expenses, and who would otherwise be turned over to 
the overseers of the poor, in the different municipalities of the 
State. 

Total Payments of State Aid t^ince 1861. 

The total payments by the ComnQonwealth for State and 
military aid and burial of indigent soldiers and sailors, in- 
cluding appropriations made by the General Court toward 
maintenance of the Soldiers' Home in Massachusetts, from 



1861 to the close of 1905, were $30,895,261 27 

State and military aid and burial of soldiers and sailors on 

account of 1905, paid in 1906, 841,363 64 

Special laws, ? 1,597 50 

Soldiers' Home, .... 60,000 00 

61,597 50 

Total to Dec. 1, 1906 131,798.222 41 



Changes in the Department. 
It is my sad duty to report the death of Col. Joseph B. Par- 
sons, Deputy Commissioner of State Aid and Pensicms, as 
having occurred on the 4th of June, 1906, the result of a severe 
attack of pneumonia, ending in heart failure. Colonel Parsons 
was the first pension agent for the State of Mas.sachusetts, hav- 
ing been appointed to the position in 1S88. He held the office 
until the year 1902, when the two offices were merged, and 
became the department of State aid and pensions, with Colonel 
Parsons as deputy commissioner. He was at once assigned to 
the special work of adjusting pensions and other claims of citi- 



8 



STATE AID AND PENSIONS. 



[Jan. 



zens of this Commonwealth against the government of the 
United States. In this department his services were notably 
successful, and his fine record as a soldier and commanding 
officer in the great civil war, coupled with his martial bearing, 
gave dignity and consideration to the office he so ably filled. 

The vacancy caused by Colonel Parsons' death was filled by 
the Governor, who appointed Maj. Francis A. Bicknell on the 
20th of June, and he at once assumed the duties of the office. 
Major Bicknell had filled the position of first clerk in the de- 
partment for several years, and was particularly well equipped 
for the duties of deputy commissioner. His appointment was 
a deserved recognition of the services of a good soldier, a 
faithful employee of the State, and the promotion was received 
with widespread satisfaction. 

Respectfully submitted. 



CHARLES W. HASTINGS, 

Commissioner Slate Aid and Pensions. 



1907.] PUBLIC DOCUIVIENT — No. 68. 



9 



PEXSIOIsr DEPARTMENT. 



In assuming the duties of this department, I have not deemed 
it advisable to make any changes in the rules and regulations 
established by my predecessor ; the same clerical force has been 
retained, and much credit is due them for the continued success- 
ful performance of the work. 

There has been no pension legislation during the year that 
has materially affected the duties of the oflSce. 

Our thanks are tendered to the Bureau of Pensions at Wash- 
ington for the prompt adjudication of our claims. 

As in former years, several thousand vouchers have been exe- 
cuted without expense to the pensioners. 

Appended is a brief summary of the work for the year 1906 : — 

1,847 claims filed, classified as follows : — 



Soldiers (original), 365 

Increase, 913 

Widows, 304 

Widows accrued, ........... 29 

Reimbursement, 71 

Restoration, 12 

Mothers, 5 

Fathers, 4 

Guardians, 5 

New pension certificates, ......... 54 

Transfers 33 

Arrears pay and bounty, 6 

Certificate in lieu of discharge, 1 

Extra pay, 1 

Nurse, 1 

Wives (one-half pension), 2 

Unendorsed pension check, . 9 

Prize money, 1 

Removal of charge of desertion, 1 



10 STATE AID AND PENSIONS. [Jan. 1907. 



Correction of name on rolls, 1 

Old claims, 29 

Total, 1,847 

Number of claims allowed, 1,367 

Number of claims rejected, 251 

Amount collected, $39,105 24 



Respectfully submitted, 



F. A. BICKNELL, 
Dexmty Commissioner State Aid and Pensions. 



3 



Public Document No. 68 



ANNUAL EEPOllT 



COMMISSIONER 



State Aid and Pensions. 



For the Year 1907 




BOSTON : 

WRIGHT & POTTER PRINTING CO., STATE PT^TXTFKS. 
18 Post Ofpice Square. 
1908. 



Public Document 



No. 68 



ANNUAL REPORT 

OF THE 

COMMISSIONER 

OF 

State Aid and Pensions. 



For the Year 1907. 




BOSTON : 

WRTGTTT & POTTER PRINTING CO., STATE PRINTERS, 
18 Post Office Square. 
1908. 



Approved by 
The State Board of Publication. 



3 



Office of Commissioner of State Aid and Pensions, 
State House, Boston, Jan. 9, 1908. 

To the Honorable Senate and the House of Representatives. 

I have the honor to present herewith to your honorable 
bodies the annual report of the department of State Aid and 
Pensions, the part relating to State and military aid and 
burials being for the year 1906, and that relating to pen- 
sions covering the year 1907. 

Very respectfully, 

CHARLES W. HASTINGS, 

Commissioner. 



REPORT. 



State axd Military Aid and Burial Expenses. 
The expenditures on account of State and military aid 
and burial of indigent soldiers, their wives and widows, for 
the year 1906, were as follows: — 



State aid to soldiers and dependents, civil war, . . $778,114 63 

State aid to soldiers and dependents, war with Spain, 5,546 00 

Military aid to soldiers and sailors, civil war, . . 33,036 50 

Military aid to soldiers and sailors, war with Spain, . 5,392 76 

Expense for burial of indigent soldiers and dependents, 28,207 94 



Total for 1906, . . . . . . . $850,297 83 



The increased expenditure in 1906 over 1905 amounted 
to about $9,000. 

The total number of recipients for 1906, civil war, was 
15,529, classified as follows: — 



Pensioners, 7,307 

Wives, 893 

Widows, 7,180 

Widowed mothers, 134 

Dependent fathers, 3 

Army nurses, 12 

Net increase of recipients during; the year 1906, 88. 

The total number of recipients for 1906, war with Spain, 
was 139, classified as follows: — 

Pensioners, 40 

Wives, 4 

Widows, 31 

Dependent mothers, 33 

Dependent fathers, 5 

Children, 26 

Total decrease during the year 1906, 3. 



6 



STATE AID AND PENSIONS. 



[Jan. 



Military Aid. 

Military aid was paid to .519 soldiers and sailors of the 
civil war during the year 1906, and to 93 soldiers and 
sailors of the war with Spain, making the total number 
aided under this chapter during the year 612, — a total 
decrease of 59 from the previous year. 

The amount expended by the State for military aid during 
1906 was $38,429.26, — a decrease of $747.88 from 1905. 

In connection with the execution of this law, Surg.-Gen. 
William H. Devine has been faithful in his examination of 
applicants for military aid, and has been of great assistance 
to this office in determining the amount of aid to be allowed. 

One hundred and four cities and towns were visited by 
our agents, who have done efficient work, and 7,700 con- 
sultations and examinations have been made. 

Burial Expenses of Indigent Soldiers, Sailors and Marines, 
their Wives, Widows and Mothers, and Army Nurses. 
Under the provisions of chapter 381, Acts of 1904, there 
were buried, during the year 1906, 808 persons, at an ex- 
pense of $28,207.94. They are classified as follows: — 



Civil war : — 

Soldiers, . . . . " 564 

Widows, 162 

Wives, 30 

Mothers, 13 

769 

Spanish war : — 

Soldiers, 36 

Widows, 1 

Wives, 1 

Mothers, . 1 

39 



Total, 808 



A decrease of 27 cases, and a decrease in expenditure of 
$968.06 over 1905. 



1908.] 



PUBLIC DOCUMENT — Xo. 68. 



7 



Total Payments of State Aid since 



1861. 



The total payments by the Commonwealth for State 
and military aid and burial of indigent soldiers 
and sailors, including appropriations made by 
the General Court toward maintenance of the 
Soldiers' Home in Massachusetts, from 1861 to 

the close of 1906, were $31,798,222 41 

State and military aid and burial of soldiers and 
sailors on account of 1906, paid in 1907, . . 850,297 83 

Special laws, $1,321 98 

Soldiers' Home, .... 60,000 00 
Soldiers' Home hospital, . . . 18,287 87 



Total to Dec. 1, 1907, $32,728,130 09 

Miss Belle J. McKeon and Miss Annie G. O'Connell, 
both competent typewriters, stenographers and clerks, now 
receiving $840 per year, are deserving of an increase of 
salary, and I urgently recommend that they be increased to 
$1,000 per year. 

The report of Deputy Commissioner F. A. Bicknell, who 
has immediate charge of the pension department, is here- 
with appended. 



79,609 85 



Respectfully submitted, 



CHARLES W. HASTmGS, 

Commissioner of State Aid and Pensions. 



8 



STATE AID AND PENSIONS. [Jan. 



pensio:n^ department. 



On Feb. G, 1907, Congress enacted a law entitled An 
Act granting pensions to certain enlisted men, soldiers and 
officers who served in the civil war and the war with Mex- 
ico/' which act entitles all soldiers and sailors who have 
sensed ninety days or more, honorably, in the civil war, and 
sixty days or more, honorably, in the war with Mexico, and 
have reached the age of sixty-two years, to $12 a month, $15 
a month to those who have reached the age of seventy, and 
$20 to those who have reached the age of seventy-five. 

Many who had never applied for pension took advantage 
of this legislation. The law provides that pension shall 
commence from date of filing of application in the Pension 
Bureau; thus it will be seen that each soldier was anxious 
to get his application on file at the earliest possible moment, 
and this entailed a large amount of work for the office, caus- 
ing overtime work for the clerks, for which they should 
receive conmiendation. 

The Bureau of Pensions has given our claims as prompt 
attention as could be expected in view of the enormous in- 
crease in the number of claims received in the Bureau, and 
for this our thanks are due the department. 

Every year large numbers of pension vouchers are exe- 
cuted free of charge, and this year more than ever has been 
done in this line. Following is a summary of the business 
of this department for the year ending Dec. 31, 1907 : — 



3,974 claims filed, classified as follows : — 

Act of Feb. 6, 1907, 3,158 

Soldiers (original), 86 

Soldiers (increase), 146 

"Widows (original), 337 

Widows (accrued), 29 



1908.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — Xo. 68. 9 

Reimbursement, 64 

New pension certificates, 48 

Transfers, 40 

Restoration, 12 

Mothers, 9 

Fathers, 1 

Guardians, 7 

Unendorsed pension cheeks, 3 

Pay and bounty, 5 

Extra pay, 3 

Wife (one-half pension), 4 

Certificates in lieu of discharge, 4 

Change of name on rolls, 1 

Prize money, "... 1 

Old claims, 16 



Total, 3,974 

Number of claims allowed, 2,908 

Number of claims rejected, 167 

Amount collected, $123,268 32 



Respectfully submitted, 



F. A. BICKXELL, 

Deputy Commissioner State Aid and Pensions. 



Public Document 



No. 68 



ANNUAL REPORT 

OF THE 

COMMISSIONER 

OF 

State Aid and Pensions. 



For the Year 1908. 




BOSTON: 

WBIGHT ft POTTER PBINTINQ CO., STATE PRINTERS, 
18 Post Omcx Squabk. 
1909. 



Public Document 



No. 68 



ANNUAL llEPOKT 

OF THE 

COMMISSIONER 

OF 

State Aid and Pensions. 



For the Year 1908. 




BOSTON: 

WRIGHT & POTTER PRINTING CO., STATE PRINTERS, 
18 Post OmcE Square. 
1909. 



Approved by 
The State Board op Publication. 



(Hontmonuipaltli nf Haaaarljusrtta. 



Office of Commissioner of State Aid and Pensions, 
State House, Boston, Jan. 8, 11)09. 

To the Honorable Senate and House of Representatives. 

I have the honor to present herewith to your honorable 
bodies the annual report of the department of State Aid 
and Pensions, the part relating to State and military aid 
and burials being for the year 1907, and that relating to pen- 
sions covering the year 1908. 

Very respectfully, 

CHARLES W. HASTINGS, 

Commissioner. 



REPORT. 



State and Military Aid and Burial Expenses. 
The expenditures on account of State and military aid 
and burial of indigent soldiers, their wives and widows, 
for the year 1907, were as follows : — 



State aid to soldiers and dependents, civil war, . . . $778,784 76 

State aid to soldiers and dependents, war with Spain, . . 5,677 50 

Military aid to soldiers and sailors, civil war, . . . 32,719 79 

Military aid to soldiers and sailors, war with Spain, . . 5,943 78 

Expense for burial of indigent soldiers and dependents, . 33,529 17 



Total for 1907, $856,655 00 



The above items of expense show an increase in 1907 
over 190() of about $6,000, most of which was caused by 
the increase of burial cases. The State aid, by far the 
largest item of expense, has nearly reached the maximum, 
and steady decrease annually may now be looked for. Ex- 
penditures on account of military aid will also markedly 
decrease from this time forth, but expense for burial of in- 
digent soldiers and sailors, for obvious reasons, will show 
some increase from year to year. 

The total number of recipients for 1907, civil war, was 
15,823, classified as follows : — 



Pensioners, 7,169 

Wives, 833 

Widows, 7,197 

Widowed mothers, 110 

Dependent fathers, 1 

Army nurses, 13 



15,323 



Net decrease of recipients during the year, 206. 



6 



STATE AID AND PENSIONS. [Jan. 



The total number of recipients for 1907, war with Spain, 
was 133, classified as follows : — 



Pensioners, 33 

Wives, 2 

Widows, 32 

Dependent mothers, 37 

Dependent fathers, 4 

Children, 25 



133 

Total decrease during the year 1907, 6. 

Military Aid, 

Military aid to the amount of $38,663.57 — an increase 
of $234.31 over 1906 — was disbursed to 490 soldiers and 
sailors of the civil war, and to 98 soldiers and sailors of the 
war with Spain, makino^ the total number aided under this 
chapter during the year 588, — a total decrease of 24 from 
the previous year. 

The medical examinations required by the law were made 
hy Surgeon-General William H. Devine, and his services 
were of great assistance to the commissioner in determining 
the physical ability of applicants to labor and become self- 
supporting. 

Burial Expenses of Indigent Soldiers^ Sailors and Marines, 
their Wives, Widoivs and Dependent Mother's, and 
Armi/ JVurses, under Chapter 381, Acts of 1904, and 
Chapter 354, Acts of 1907, which provides for a Com- 
pensation of ^2 to the Burial Agent for Bach Person 
duly returned by him. 
There were buried, during the year 1907, 942 persons, 
at an expense of $33,529.17. They are classified as fol- 
lows : — 



Civil war : — 

Soldiers, 633 

Widows, 196 

Wives, 47 

Mothers, 13 

Army nurses, 2 



1909.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT —No. 68. 7 

Spanish war : — 

Soldiers, 48 

Widows, 2 

Mothers, 1 

51 

Total, 942 



An increase of 134 cases, and an increase in expenditure 
of $5,321.23 over 1906. 

Total Payments of State Aid since 1861. 

The total payments by the Commonwealth for State 
and military aid and burial of indigent soldiers 
and sailors, including appropriations made by 
the General Court toward maintenance of the 
Soldiers' Home in Massachusetts, from 1861 to 



the close of 1907, were $32,728,130 09 

State and military aid and burial of soldiers and 

sailors on account of 1907, paid in 1908, . . 856,655 00 

Special laws, 988 00 

Soldiers' Home, 63,000 00 

Soldiers' Home hospital, 136,575 47 



Total to Dec. 1, 1908 $33,785,348 56 



The four agents of the department, three men and one 
woman, have done excellent work in visiting cities and towns 
and inv^estigating the condition, needs, etc., of recipients 
of State and military aid, and adjusting questions arising 
under the burial act and appeals under the soldiers' relief law, 
— about 7,000 cases specifically examined during the year. 

Dr. Henry Shaw, special agent for the adjusting of ques- 
tions of settlement, etc., at the small salary of $600 a year, 
should receive a salary commensurate with the important 
and valuable service rendered to the State. In view of his 
superior qualifications for the especial work of settling con- 
troversies over settlements and the adjusting of api)ealed 
cases under the soldiers' relief law, I respectfully recommend 
that Dr. Shaw be rated as a regular agent of the department, 
and salaried at $1,300 a year. 

I would also respectfully renew my recommendation of 
last year, that the two stenographers and typewriters now 
receiving $840 per year be increased to not exceeding $1,000 
per year. 



8 



STATE AID AND PENSIONS. [Jan. 



The provisions of law (chapter 381, Acts and Resolves of 
the General Court for 1904) authorizing payment of State 
and military aid will expire by limitation after Dec. 31, 1909, 
unless the present Legislature authorizes continuance. 

It is increasingly evident that the aged and infirm veterans 
of the civil war and the disabled pensioned soldiers and sailors 
of the war with Spain will require continued assistance. 

I earnestly request that the present law be continued, or 
that a new act be framed embodying recent amendments and 
such new provisions as may be thought advisable. 

Deputy Commissioner Francis A. Bicknell, having im^ 
mediate charge of pension and other claims against the United 
States government, furnishes the following details of business 
for 1908. 

Respectfully submitted, 



CHARLES W. HASTINGS, 

Commissioner of State Aid and Pensions. 



1909.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT— No. 68. 



9 



PENSION DEPARTMENT. 



Herewith is submitted a brief summary of the work per- 
formed in this oflSce during the year 1908. 

The legislation affecting our duties was an act passed 
April 19, 1908, entitled " An Act to increase the pension 
of widows, minor children, and so forth, of deceased soldiers 
and sailors of the late civil war, the war with Mexico, the 
various Indian wars, and so forth, and to grant a pension to 
certain widows of the deceased soldiers and sailors of the 
late civil war." 

Prior to the passage of this act the act of June 27, 1890, 
debarred widows who were in receipt of an annual income ex- 
ceeding $250. This new act removed that restriction, and 
many such widows have availed themselves of this oppor- 
tunity to present claims. 

The Bureau of Pensions should receive the thanks of this 
department for the prom})t attention given us and the favor- 
able consideration and adjudication of our claims. 

We have executed a very large number of vouchers for 
pensioners without expense to them. 

The same clerical force has been employed as in the year 
1907, and credit is due them for their faithful performance 
of duty. 

The following is a detailed statement of the work for tiic 
vear : — 

1,758 claims filed, classified as follows : — 



Soldiers' claims, under act of Feb 6, 1907, 784 

Soldiers (original), 36 

Soldiers (increased), 79 

Widows, 678 

Widows (accrued), 41 

Reimbursement, 77 

New pension certificates, 57 

Transfers 25 



10 STATE AID AND PENSIONS. [Jan. 1909. 

Restoration, 5 

Mothers, 9 

Fathers, ' 1 

Guardians, 8 

Wives (one-half pension), 3 

Wile without guardianship, 1 

Unendorsed pension checks, 10 

Pay and bounty, 15 

Certificates in lieu of discharge, 7 

Change of name on rolls, 1 

Removal of charge of desertion, 1 

Old claims 20 



Total, 1,768 

Claims allowed 1,689 

Claims rejected, 165 

Amount collected, $73,217 69 

F. A. BICKNELL, 

Deputy Commissioner, State Aid aiid Pensions. 



Public Document ""^ No. 68 



ANNUAL REPORT 

OF THE 

COMMISSIONER 

OF 

State Ad and Pensions. 



For the Tear 1909. 




BOSTON: 

WEIGHT & POTTEB PRINTING CO., STATE PRINTERS, 
18 Post Office Square. 
1910. 



Public Document 



No. 68 



ANNUAL REPORT 

OF THE 

COMMISSIONER 

OF 

State Aid and Pensions. 



For the Year 1909. 




BOSTON: 

WRIGHT & POTTER PRINTING CO., STATE PRINTERS, 
18 Post Office Square. 
1910. 



Appeoved by 
The State Board of Publication. 



2i 



QL[)t CommontDcalti) of ittossacbusetts. 



Office of Commissioner of State Aid and Pensions, 
State House, Boston, Jan. 4, lyio. 

To the Honorable Senate and the House of Representatives. 

I have the honor to present herewith to your honorable 
bodies the annual report of the department of State Aid and 
Pensions, the part relating to State and military aid and 
burials being for the year 1908, and that portion relating 
to pensions covering the year 1909. 

Very respectfully, 



CHARLES W. HASTINGS, 

Commissioner. 



REPORT. 



State and Military Aid and Burial Expenses. 
The expenditures on account of State and military aid 
and burial of indigent soldiers and sailors, their wives and 
widows, for the year 1908, were as follows : — 



State aid to soldiers and dependents, civil war, 
State aid to soldiers and dependents, Spanish war, . 
Military aid to soldiers and sailors, civil war. 
Military aid to soldiers and sailors, Spanish war. 
Expense for burial of indigent soldiers and dependents. 



783,451 96 
6,109 00 
30,745 22 
7,643 56 
32,401 01 



$860,350 75 



The fiofures above s^iven show an increase of disbursements 
in 1908 over 1907 of about $4,000. The increase was al- 
most wholly caused by the passage of an amendment to the 
State aid law, April 17, 1908, extending the date prior to 
which the widow of a civil war soldier could marry and be 
eligible to receive State aid. The date was changed from 
April 9, 1880, to June 27, 1890, and the new class of appli- 
cants began immediately to apply for the aid from which 
they had hitherto been debarred. But for this sudden in- 
crease in the numbers of applicants the annual report of 
disbursements for 1908 would have shown a decrease. 

The total number of recipients for 1908, civil war, was 
15,313, classified as follows : — 



Pensioners, ......... 7,055 

Wives, 763 

"Widows, 7,402 

Widowed mothers, ........ 88 

Dependent fathers, ........ 1 

Army nurses, ......... 4 



15,313 



6 STATE AID AND PENSIONS. , [Jan. 

Net decrease of recipients during the year, 10. 
The total number of recipients for 1908, war with Spain, 
was 148, classified as follows : — 

Pensioners, .......... 42 

Wives, ........... 2 

Widows, .......... 35 

Dependent mothers, ......... 41 

Dependent fathers, ......... 4 

Children, 24 



148 

Total increase during the year 1908, 15. 

Military Aid. 

Military aid to the amount of $38,388.78 — a decrease of 
$274.79 from 1907 — was disbursed to 444 soldiers and 
sailors of the civil war, and to 127 soldiers and sailors of the 
war with Spain, making the total number aided under this 
chapter during the year 571, — a total decrease of 17 from 
the previous year. 

The medical examinations of applicants for military aid 
were made by Surg. Gen. Charles C. Foster, and his services 
were of much assistance to the commissioner in determining 
the phj^sical condition of applicants and the amount of aid to 
be given. 

One hundred and fifteen cities and towns were visited by 
the examiners, and in all from 7,000 to 8,000 examinations 
made. 

Burial Expenses of Indigent Soldiers^ Sailors and Marines^ 
their Wives, Widows and Dependent Mothers^ and 
Army Nurses, under Chapter 381, Acts of 1904, and 
Chapter 354, Ads of 1907, which provides for a Com,- 
pensation of ^f2 to the Burial Agent for Each Person 
duly 7'eturned by him. 
There were buried, during the year 1908, 878 persons, 
at an expense of $32,401.01. They are classified as fol- 
lows : — 



1910., PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 68. 7 

Civil war : — 

Soldiers, 590 

Widows, ......... 194 

Wives, ......... 48 

Mothers, ......... 13 

845 

Spanish war : — 

Soldiers, . . • 32 

Mothers, ......... 1 

33 



878 

A decrease of 64 cases, and a decrease in expenditure of 
$1,128.16 from 1907. 

Total Payments of State Aid since 1861. 
The total payments by the Commonwealth for State 
and military aid and burial of indigent soldiers 
and sailors, including appropriations made by the 
General Court toward maintenance of the Soldiers' 
Home in Massachusetts, from 1861 to the close of 



1908, were $33,785,348 56 

State and military aid and burial of soldiers and 

sailors on account of 1908, paid in 1909, . . 860,350 75 

Special laws, ........ 1,052 00 

Soldiers' Home, 85,000 00 

Soldiers' Home Hospital, . . . . . 39,929 19 



Total to Dec. 1, 1909, $34,771,680 50 



The examining agents connected with the department have 
performed excellent service for the State, and I would re- 
spectfully recommend that, in view of their long and efficient 
work in the State's service, the salaries of two agents be 
increased from $1,300 to $1,400 a year, and the salary of 
the female agent be increased from $1,000 to $1,200 a year. 

Deputy Commissioner Francis A. Bicknell, in addition to 
his duties in the State aid department, has immediate super- 
vision of the pension department, and furnishes the following 
details of business for 1909. 

Respectfully submitted. 



CHARLES W. HASTINGS, 

CoinmUsioner 



8 



STATE AID AND PENSIONS. 



[Jan. 



PENSION DEPARTMENT. 



Herewith is submitted a brief summary of the work per- 
formed in the pension department during the year 1909. 

There lias been no legislation during the past year which 
materially affected our duties. For claimants who have 
filed applications w^ith private attorneys in Washington and 
elsewhere we have written and executed many affidavits. 
Several thousand vouchers have been executed without ex- 
pense to pensioners. More than the usual number of in- 
quiries concerning pensions have been answered during the 
year, necessitating much correspondence. 

We have employed the same clerical force as in 1908, and 
credit is due them for their faithful service. 

Our thanks are again due the Bureau of Pensions for the 
very prompt adjudication of our claims, and especially to 
the Hon. J. L. Davenport for his courteous replies to in- 
quiry. His recent promotion to the office of Commissioner 
of Pensions was justly earned and worthily bestowed. 

Appended is a brief summary of the business for the year 
ending Dec. 31, 1909 : — 



1,427 claims filed, classified as follows 
Act of Feb. 6, 1907, 
Soldiers (original), . 
Soldiers (increase), . 
Widows, . 
Reimbursement, 
New pension certificates. 
Transfers, 
Restoration, 
IMotliers, . 
(luardians. 
Wives (one-half soldier's pension) , . 
Payment of unendorsed pension check. 



745 
40 
54 
358 
98 
35 
31 
G 
4 
9 
8 
11 



1910.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 68. 9 

Arrears of pay and bounty, . , . . . . . 14 

Certificate in lieu of discharge, ...... 2 

Change of name on rolls, ....... 1 

Extra pay, .......... 1 

Old Claims, 10 



Total, 1,427 

Number of claims allowed, ....... 1,135 

Number of claims rejected, ....... 107 

Amount collected, $37,578 84 



Respectfully submitted, 



F. A. BICKNELL, 

Dejmty Commissioner, State Aid and Pensions. 





Public Document No. 68 



ANNUAL REPOKT 

OF THE 

COMMISSIONER 

OF 

State Aid and Pensions. 



For the Year 1910. 



BOSTON: 

WRIGHT & POTTER PRINTING CO., STATE PRINTERS, 
18 Post Office Square. 
1911. 



I 

Public Document 



No. 68 



ANNUAL KEPORT 

OF THE 

COMMISSIONER 

OF 

State Aid and Pensions. 



For the Year 1910. 




BOSTON : 

WRIGHT & POTTER PRINTING CO., STATE PRINTERS, 
18 Post Office Square. 
1911. 



Approved by 
The State Board of Publication. 



• • • .• ,• • • 
•.• • •••• •••• • • 



i>0 \.0 Ml 3 

2> 



®I)C <2totnmontDcoltl) of itlassacfjusetts. 



Office of the Commissioner of State Aid and Pensions, 
State House. Boston, Jan. 3, 1911. 



To the Honorable Senate and the House of Representatives. 

I have the honor to present herewith to your honorable 
bodies the annual report of the department of State Aid and 
Pensions, the part relating to State and military aid and burials 
being for the year 1909, and that portion relating to pensions 
covering the year 1910. 

Very respectfully, 



F. A. BICKNELL, 
Commissioner, State Aid and Pensions. 



\ 



REPORT. 



State and Military Aid and Burla^l Expenses. 

Disbursements of State and military aid for the burial of 
indigent soldiers, sailors and marines, their wives, widows and 
dependent fathers and mothers, were made by 350 cities and 
to^NTis in the Commonwealth during the year 1909, due and 
payable Nov. 10, 1910, as follows: — 



State aid to soldiers and dependents, civil war, . $782,094 57 

State aid to soldiers and dependents, war with Spain, . 6,042 00 

Military aid to soldiers and sailors, civil war, . . . 28,877 29 

Military aid to soldiers and sailors, war with Spain, . 8,824 39 

Burial expenses of indigent soldiers and dependents, . 33,969 00 

Total for 1909, $859,807 25 

The figures above given show a decrease of $543.50 from 1908. 
The total number of recipients of State aid, civil war, for 
1909, was 15,205, classified as follows: — 

Pensioners, .... 6,899 Decrease, . . .156 

Wives, 673 Decrease, ... 90 

Widows, 7,555 Increase, . . .153 

Widowed mothers, ... 72 Decrease, . . 16 
Army nurses, .... 6 Increase, ... 2 

Total, .... 15,205 

Net decrease of recipients during 1909, 108. 
Average cost to State per person aided, $51.43 + 



The total number of recipients for 1909, war with Spain, was 
146, classified as follows: — 



Pensioners, .... 47 Increase, ... 5 

Wives, 2 

Widows, 34 Decrease, . . . 1 

Dependent mothers, . . 41 

Dependent fathers, . . 4 

Children, 18 Decrease, ... 6 

Total, .... 146 



Total decrease during 1909, 2. 
Average cost to State, $41.38 + 



6 



STATE AID AND PENSIONS^ [Jan. 



Military Aid. 

Military aid to the amount of S37,701.68 — a decrease of 
$687.10 from 1908 — was disbursed to 406 soldiers and sailors 
of the civil war, and to 132 soldiers and sailors of the war with 
Spain, making the total number aided under this chapter dur- 
ing the year, 538, a total decrease of 33 from the previous year. 

In connection with the execution of military aid law I take 
pleasure in acknowledging the services rendered by Surg.-Gen. 
Charles C. Foster, whose examinations for military aid have 
been of much value in determining the amount of aid required. 

The examining agents have performed excellent service. 
They have examined about 8,500 cases. They are obliged to 
be away from home much of the time, necessarily entailing 
some expense. I therefore recommend that the salary of one 
agent be increased from $1,300 to $1,400, that of the special 
agent from $900 to $1,100. and that of the female agent from 
$1,000 to SIJOO. 

Burial Expenses of Indigent Soldiers, Sailors and Marines, 
their Wives, Widows and Dependent Mothers, and Army 
Nurses, under Chapter 468, Acts of 1909. 

There were buried during the year 1909, 919 persons, at an 
expense of $33,969. They are classified as follows: — 



Civil war: — 

Soldiers, .... 602 Increase, ... 12 

Widows, .... 223 Increase, ... 29 

Wives, .... 44 Decrease, ... 4 

Mothers, .... 4 Decrease, ... 9 

Army nurses, ... 1 Increase, ... 1 

874 

Spanish war: — 

Soldiers, .... 41 Increase, ... 9 
Wives, .... 1 Increase, . . . 1 
Mothers, .... 3 Increase, ... 2 
45 

Total, ... 919 



An increase of 41 cases, and an increase in expenditure of $1,567.99 
over 1908. 

Average cost to State per burial, $36.96 + . 



1911.] T-UBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 68. 



7 



Total Payments of State Aid since 186 J. 

The total payments by the Commonwealth for State 
and military aid and burial of indigent soldiers and 
sailors, including appropriations made by the Gen- 
eral Court toward maintenance of the Soldiers' 
Home in Massachusetts, from 1861 to the close of 



1909, were $34,771,680 50 

State and military aid and burial -of soldiers and 

sailors on account of 1909, paid in 1910, . . 859,807 25 

Special laws, 1910, 912 00 

Soldiers' Home, 1910, 147,000 00 



Total to Dec. 1, 1910, $35,779,399 75 

Returned to State Treasurer, March 7, 1910, for 
burial allowance on account of Thomas Farrell, 
alias "Thomas CahHl," 37 00 



Total to Dec. 1, 1910, $35,779,362 75 



Suggestions have been made that this department publish 
the amount reimbursed to the several cities and towns. As 
an itemized account is published in the Auditor's annual report, 
this action seems superfluous. 

Pensions. 

There has been no legislation relative to pensions in the past 
year which has affected the duties of the office. We have 
executed more than the usual number of affidavits for parties 
who have filed their claims through other attorneys. About 
8,000 vouchers have been executed without expense to the 
pensioners. As usual, a large number of inquiries has been 
answered, necessitating much correspondence. 

The thanks of this department are again due Hon. J. L. 
Davenport, United States Commissioner of Pensions, for his 
prompt adjudication of our claims, and his courteous replies 
to our many inquiries. 

Appended is a brief summary for the year ending Dec. 31, 
1910: — 



8 STATE AID AND PENSIONS. [Jan. 

Soldiers (act of Feb. 6, 1907), 826 

Soldiers (original), 21 

Soldiers (increase), 47 

Widows, 334 

Reimbursement, 96 

New pension certificates, 30 

Transfers, 19 

Restorations, 16 

Mothers, 3 

Fathers, 4 

Guardians, 7 

Wives (one-half pension), 11 

Unendorsed pension checks, 10 

Pay and bounty, 5 

Certificates in lieu of discharge, 5 

Correction of name on rolls, 3 

Wife without guardianship, 1 

Old claims called up, 11 



Total, 1,449 

Number of claims allowed, 1,113 

Number of claims rejected, 88 



The personnel of this office has changed somewhat during the 
past year. 

Dr. Henry Shaw died March 28, 1910. He was employed 
as special agent, and his thorough knowledge of laws regarding 
settlements made him a valued official in this department. 

On April 1 Capt. Charles W. Hastings, Commissioner of 
State Aid and Pensions, was retired, at his own request, under 
the provisions of chapter 458, Acts of 1907. He had served 
continuously for over thirty years in this department. His 
faithful, meritorious service was fully appreciated by the State, 
and he was retired with the honors due an honest, conscien- 
tious public servant. 

On April 27 Francis A. Bicknell was appointed as Commis- 
sioner of State Aid and Pensions, to fill the vacancy caused by 
the retirement of Commissioner Hastings. 

Richard R. Flynn, who served in the navy during the Spanish 
war, was appointed Deputy Commissioner of State Aid and 
Pensions, vice Francis A. Bicknell promoted to be commissioner. 
He qualified and reported for duty May 11. He is a sincere 



1911.] 



PUBLIC DOCOIEXT — Xo. 68. 



9 



patriot, aod is of good executive ability" and apparently worthy 
of the honor bestowed upon him. 

On June 8 Frank B. Peabody, a veteran of the ci\Tl war, was 
appointed as special agent. He qualified and entered upon his 
duties the same day. 

On June 18 Amos H. Fairbanks was retired under the pro- 
\'isions of the above-mentioned chapter. He had been em- 
ployed as bookkeeper for twenty-seven years. He was pecul- 
iarly adapted for the office, and his books were models of 
accuracy and neatness. 

On August 31 Helen M. Bucknam, who was employed as 
clerk in the pension department, resigned. 

Respectfully submitted, 

F. A. BICEXELL, 
Commissioner, State Aid and Pensiong, 



ilii 



Public Document 



2. 



No. 68 



ANNUAL REPOET 



OF THE 



COMMISSIONER 



OF 



State Aid and Pensions. 




For the Year 1911. 




BOSTON: 

WEIGHT & POTTEB PBINTING CO., STATE PBINTEBS, 
18 Post Omos Squabe. 
1912. 




Public Document 



No. 68 



ANNUAL REPORT 

OF THE 

COMMISSIONER 

OF 

State Aid and Pensions. 



F o K THE Year 1911. 




BOSTON : 

WRIGHT & POTTER PRINTING CO., STATE PRINTERS, 
18 Post Office Square. 
1912. 



Approved by 
The State Board of Publication. 




2i 



QH)t Commonroealtl) of itlassactiusctts. 



Office of the Commissioner of State Aid and Pensions, 
State House, Boston, Jan. 1, 1912. 

To the Honorable Senate and the House of Representatives. 

I have the honor to submit herewith to your honorable 
bodies the annual report of the department of State Aid and 
Pensions, the part relating to State and military aid and burials 
being for the year 191 0, and that portion relating to pensions 
covering the year 1911. 

Very respectfully, 



F. A. BICKNELL, 

Commissioner of State Aid and Pensions. 



REPORT 



State and Military Aid and Burial Expenses. 
Disbursements of State and military aid and for the burial of 
indigent soldiers, sailors and marines, their wives, widows and 
dependent fathers and mothers, were made under chapter 468, 
Acts of 1909, by 350 cities and towns in the Commonwealth 
during the year 1910, due and payable Nov. 10, 1911, as fol- 
lows : — 



State aid to soldiers and dependents, civil war, 
State aid to soldiers and dependents, war with Spain, 
Military aid to soldiers and sailors, civil war, . 
Military aid to soldiers and sailors, war with Spain, 
Burial expenses of indigent soldiers and dependents, 



$755,641 41 
5,504 50 

27,702 75 
6,927 64 

34,046 34 

$829,822 64 



The figures above given show a decrease of $29,984.61 from 
1909. 

As stated in our report of last year, the expenditures on 
account of State and military aid have evidently reached the 
maximum, owing to the passing away of many of the old sol- 
diers, and steady decrease annually may now be looked for. 

In addition to this, many of the surviving soldiers have had 
their age pensions increased, which made them self-supporting, 
and in some cases they gave up the aid of their own accord, 
while in other cases it was suspended by the commissioner. 

The total number of recipients of State aid, civil war, for 
1910, was 14,662, classified as follows: — 



Pensioners (soldiers). 


. 6,542 


Decrease, 


. 357 


Wives, . . . . 


622 


Decrease, . 


51 


Widows, . . . . 


. 7,432 


Decrease, 


. 123 


Widowed mothers. 


60 


Decrease, 


12 


Army nurses, 


6 






Total, . . . . 


14,662 







Net decrease of recipients during 1910, 543. 
Average cost to State per person aided, $51.53-|-. 



6 



STATE AID AND PENSIONS. 



[Jan. 



The total number of recipients for 1910, war with Spain, 
was 132, classified as follows: — 



Pensioners (soldiers), 

Wives, 

Widows, 

Dependent mothers, 
Dependent fathers, 
Children, 
Army nurses, 

Total, . 



39 


Decrease, 


1 


Decrease, 


34 




37 


Decrease, 


4 




16 


Decrease, 


1 




132 





Total decrease during 1910, 14. 
Average cost to State, $41.70+. 



The only change in the law is an amendment passed in April, 
1910, which makes women who served as nurses during the 
Spanish war between Feb. 15, 1898, and April 12, 1899, eligible 
to be considered for State aid. 

Military Aid. 

Military aid to the amount of S34,630.39 — a decrease of 
$3,071.29 from 1910 — was disbursed to 386 soldiers and sailors 
of the civil war, and to 100 soldiers and sailors of the war mth 
Spain, making the total number aided under this chapter during 
the year, 486, a total decrease of 52 from the previous year. 

Applicants for military aid are required to furnish medical 
certificates showing to what extent they are disabled. In 
Boston and the immediate vicinity applicants are examined by 
the Surgeon-General without expense to themselves, and in this 
connection I desire to acknowledge the excellent services ren- 
dered by Surgeon-General Foster. 

There has been no change in the office force since the last 
report. The agents have been remarkably faithful in their 
service, and have investigated more than 8,600 cases. These 
investigations consist of personal interviews with the recipients 
of aid as to their physical and financial condition, amount of 
income, etc. Many of the recipients are visited at their homes. 



1912.] 



PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 68. 



7 



As these investigations necessitate the agents being away 
from their homes a great deal of the time, they are necessarily 
under expense not provided for in their traveHng expenses. I 
would therefore respectfully renew my recommendation of last 
year that the salary of one agent be increased from SI, 300 to 
$1,400, that of the special agent from $900 to $1,000 and that 
of the female agent from $1,000 to $1,100. 



Burial Expenses of Indigent Soldiers, Sailors and Marines, 
Their Wives, Widows and Dependent Mothers, and Army 
Nurses under Chapter 4^8, Acts of 1909. 
The law governing the payment of State aid also provides 
that in the cases of soldiers, sailors, marines, their wives, widows 
and dependent mothers, and army nm-ses who died without 
leaving means sufficient to defray their burial expenses, the 
sum of $37 shall be allowed in each case toward the burial 
expense; and there were buried, during the year 1910, 921 
persons at an expense of $34,046.34. They are classified as 
follows : — 



Civil war: — 
Soldiers, 
Widows, 
Wives, 
Mothers, 

Spanish war: - 
Soldiers, 
Mothers, 



Total, 



590 Decrease, 
244 Increase, 
33 Decrease, 
10 Increase, 
877 



43 Increase, 
1 Decrease, 
— 44 



12 
21 
11 



921 



An increase of 2 cases, and an increase in expenditure of $77.34 over 
1909. 

Average cost to State per burial, $36.96+. 



8 



STATE AID AND PENSIONS. 



[Jan. 



Total Payments of State Aid since 1861. 

The total payments by the Commonwealth for State 
and military aid and burial of indigent soldiers and 
sailors, including appropriations made by the Gen- 
eral Court toward maintenance of the Soldiers' 
Home in Massachusetts, from 1861 to the close of 
1910, were $35,779,362 75 

State and military aid and burial of soldiers and 

sailors on account of 1910, paid in 1911, . . . 829,822, 64 

Special laws, 1911, 804 00 

Soldiers' Home, 1911, 96,000 00 

Total to Dec. 1, 1911, $36,705,989 39 

An itemized account of the amounts paid to the various 
cities and towns will be found in the Auditor's annual report. 

Pension Department. 

Since our last report the laws governing the payment of 
pensions have not been changed so as to affect the duties of 
this office. Between 7,000 and 8,000 vouchers have been 
executed without expense to the pensioners. On account of 
pending legislation much correspondence has been required in 
answering the numerous inquiries. Many claimants forward 
their claims through other attorneys, but frequently have 
papers completed in this office — affidavits, etc. These have 
been cheerfully attended to. 

Massachusetts is truly indebted to Hon. J. L. Davenport, 
United States Commissioner of Pensions, for his uniform 
courtesy and advice, and I deem it advisable to quote from his 
report for the year ending June 30, 1911, as being of interest to 
your honorable bodies and to all concerned. 

He states that the number of the survivors of the civil war 
borne upon the pension rolls June 30, 1911, was 529,884, and 
that 35,243 names have been dropped from the rolls during the 
year on account of death. He further states that it is believed 
that only about 25 per cent, of those who rendered service in the 
civil war are now living, and the death rate of the above- 
mentioned survivors is about 6 per cent, per annum. The 
average age of survivors of the civil war is about seventy years. 



1912.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 68. 9 

Appended is a brief summary for the year ending Dec. 31, 
1911: — 

Act Feb. 6, 1907, 672 

Soldiers (original), 30 

Soldiers (increase), 32 

Widows, 362 

Reimbursement, 86 

Wives, 8 

New certificates, 22 

Mothers, 2 

Fathers, . 3 

Guardians, 9 

Wife to draw without guardianship, 1 

Transfers, 13 

Payment unendorsed checks, 7 

Restoration to rolls, 3 

Twenty years' ser\ice, 1 

Certificates in lieu of discharge, 1 

Arrears pay and bounty, 4 

Old claims called up, 14 



Total, 1,270 

Number of claims allowed, 1,007 

Number of claims rejected, 91 



Respectfully submitted, 



F. A. BICKNELL, 

Commissioner of State Aid and Pensions. 



MAR? -40 Vt.PX